Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, and affects 85 to 90 per cent of all people with diabetes. While it usually affects mature adults, younger people are also now being diagnosed in greater numbers, as rates of obesity and people being overweight increase. Type 2 diabetes used to be called non-insulin dependent diabetes or mature onset diabetes. Below are seven warning signs of type 2 diabetes, if you are worried about any of the symptoms you are experiencing it’s important to seek medical advice immediately.
Warning Sign #1: Frequent Urination
When there is excess glucose present in the blood, as with type 2 diabetes, the kidneys react by flushing it out of the blood and into the urine. This results in more urine production and the need to urinate more frequently. If you notice you have to go to the bathroom more often than you used to and you seem to be producing more urine when you do go, talk to your doctor about whether you could have type 2 diabetes.
Warning Sign #2: Increased Thirst
Frequent urine and increased thirst go hand in hand. High blood glucose sets up a domino effect of sorts within your body. High blood sugar leads to increased production of urine and the need to urinate more often. Frequent urination causes you to lose a lot of fluid and become dehydrated. Consequently, you develop a dry mouth and feel thirsty more often than you used to. If you notice that you are drinking more than usual, or that your mouth often feels dry and you feel thirsty more often, these could be signs of type 2 diabetes.
Warning Sign #3: Unexplained weight loss
When you have type 2 diabetes, your cells don’t get enough glucose, which may cause you to lose weight. Also, if you are urinating more frequently because of uncontrolled diabetes, you may lose more calories and excess water, resulting in weight loss.
Warning Sign #4: Increased Hunger
People with type 2 diabetes have insulin resistance, which means the body cannot use insulin properly to help the glucose get into the cells. In people with type 2 diabetes, insulin doesn’t work well in muscle, fat and other tissues, so your pancreas starts to put out a lot more of it to try and compensate. This result in high insulin levels in the body and theses levels send signals to the brain that your body is hungry.
Warning Sign #5: Foot pain and numbness
Over time, a prolonged exposure to high blood sugar can damage the nerves throughout the body, a condition called diabetic neuropathy. Some people may not have any symptoms of the damage, while others may notice numbness, tingling or pain in the extremities. Diabetic neuropathy usually starts in the feet and then progresses upward. Although most common in people who have had type 2 diabetes for 25 years or more, it can occur in people who have pre-diabetes as well. In Some studies, almost 50 per cent of unexplained peripheral neuropathy turns out to be caused by pre-diabetes or diabetes.
Warning Sign #6: Frequent Infections
Since both yeast and bacteria multiply more quickly when blood sugar levels are elevated, women with type 2 diabetes may be more susceptible to vaginal infections. Food infections are also common as diabetes can damage the architecture of the foot, including the skin, blood vessels, and nerves. However, foot problems are usually seen more frequently in those with advanced diabetes.
Warning Sign #7: Blurred Vision
The lens of the eye is a flexible membrane suspended by muscles, which change the shape of the lens to focus the eye. In a high-sugar environment such as uncontrolled types 2 diabetes, the lens ability to bend is altered. Although the lens is not damaged, the muscles of the eye have to work harder to focus. Blurred vision occurs when there are rapid changes in the blood sugar and the eye muscles have not yet adapted to it. Blurred vision is one of the early warning sign of type 2 diabetes, however, the body can adapt to stable sugar level, and your vision will go back to normal.
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