Fact Sheet: Peptic Ulcers (Stomach Ulcers)

Stomach Ulcers occur in the lining of your stomach. Although they are common and can be effectively treated, it’s important to be aware of the symptoms. If left untreated, stomach ulcers can lead to more serious complications, so early diagnoses is imperative.

What are Stomach Ulcers?

Stomach ulcers, also known as gastric ulcers, are open, inflamed sores within the lining of the stomach. Due to the amount of acid present in the stomach, when ulcers occur, they are often extremely painful. The most common cause of stomach ulcers are:

  • Helicobacter Pylori- A Type of Bacteria

  • Non-sterodial anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin and ibuprofen.

Common Symptoms

Burning pain in the stomach that can travel to your chest and neck, bellybutton or back is the most reported symptom. Other possible symptoms may include loss of appetite, vomiting and heartburn.

Sometimes, Stomach Ulcers can lead to more serious complications. Seek Medical intervention if you experience any of the following:

  • A Sudden sharp pain in your stomach that gets worse

  • Vomiting bloodstreamBlood in your stool or black stools.


Stomach Ulcers are commonly diagnosed by endoscopy-a flexible tube with a tiny camera that’s passed into your moth to your stomach. The procedure is done under a general anaesthetic. You’re also likely to have tests to check for Helicobacter pylori infection. Usually this involves a breath test, but a blood test and stool sample test may also be needed.

Treatment Options

If yours diagnoses with a stomach ulcer, you may be given:

  • A Combination of antibiotic medication to kill the helicobacter pylori Bacteria infection

  • Medicines that reduce the stomach acid, such as proton pump inhibitors

Dietary Advice

Flavonoids: Research suggest that flavonoids, also known as bioflavonoids, may be an effective treatment for stomach ulcers. Flavonoids are compounds that occur naturally in many fruits and vegetables including soybeans, legumes, red grapes, kale, broccoli, apples and berries. However, some foods and drinks that contain flavonoids, such as citrus drinks and red wines, can irritate stomach ulcers.

Probiotics: Probiotics are the living bacteria and yeast that help keep your digestive system moving. They are present in many common food, particularly fermented foods such as buttermilk, yoghurt, miso and kimchi. A probiotic can also be taken in supplement form. Studies have shown that probiotics may be helpful in wiping out H.pylori and increasing recovery rate for patients with ulcers.

Honey: Honey can contain up to 200 elements, including polyphenol and other antioxidants. Honey is also a powerful anti-bacterial and has been shown to inhibit H.pylori growth. As long as you have a normal blood sugar level., you can enjoy honey as you would any sweetener, with the bonus of soothing stomach ulcers.

Garlic: Garlic extract has been shown to inhibit H.pylori growth in a lab, in both animal and human trials. If you don’t like the taste of garlic or its lingering aftertaste, you can take garlic extract in the supplementation form. Garlic acts as a blood thinner, so it’s important to ask your doctor before taking it if you use warfarin or other prescription blood thinners.

Cranberry: Cranberry is known for its ability to fight urinary tract infections by preventing bacteria from settling on the walls of the bladder. Cranberry and cranberry extract also may help to fight H.pylori. You can drink cranberry juice, eat cranberries or take supplements.

Unfortunately, no specific amount of consumption is associated with relief. Too much cranberry in any form may cause stomach discomfort, whether you have ulcers or not, so start with small amounts and increase gradually. In addition, many commercial cranberry juices are heavily sweetened with sugar and/high fructose corn syrup, which can also cause stomach upset and add empty calories.

Foods to Avoid

  • Coffee

  • Carbonated beverages

  • Chilli and Hot peppers

  • Processed foods

  • salty red meats

  • Deep fried foods

Lifestyle Advice

You may find relief from the pain of stomach ulcers with these lifestyle and home remedies:

  • Choose a healthy diet

  • Limit or avoid alcohol

  • Give up smoking

  • Consider foods containing probiotics

  • Get enough sleep

  • Consider eliminating milk

  • Control stress levels


It can take some time, teamwork, and determination to find the right treatment for your ulcers, but don’t give up hope: Ulcers can be cured. In addition to a treatment plan agreed upon by you and your doctor, you can incorporate natural approaches that can give you some relief and accelerate healing. Adding plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables to your diet and reducing alcohol intake will almost certainly get you on the road to health.

For further research regarding the Gastrointestinal Tract and Stomach Ulcers, clink on the links below.





Gastrointestinal System

Healthiest Regards



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