In today’s blog post, Nutritionnourishment will be taking a look into the Top 10 Ways to manage Type 2 Diabetes in a simple factsheet style. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, and affects 85 to 90 per cent of all people with diabetes. While it usually affects mature adults, younger people are also now being diagnosed in greater numbers, as rates of obesity and people being overweight increase. Type 2 diabetes used to be called non-insulin dependent diabetes or mature onset diabetes.
NOTE*** Management of diabetes should become part of your daily routine with the guidance of a medical practitioner. The below items are only a guidance and should not be used to replace any of your management prescriptions given to you by your GP. Always consult medical advice before taking on any new lifestyle changes.
Top Tip #1: Manage your Weight
Excess body fat, particularly if stored around the abdomen, can increase the body’s resistance to the hormone insulin.
Top Tip #2: Exercise Regularly
Moderate physical activity on most days of the week helps manage weight, reduce blood glucose levels and may also improve blood pressure and cholesterol.
Top Tip #3: Eat a Balanced, Healthy Diet
Reduce the amount of fats, salts and sugars in your diet. Eat more fruit, vegetables and high fibre foods. ‘Convenience meal’ are usually high in salt, fat and kilojoules. It is best to cook for yourself using fresh ingredients whenever possible.
Top Tip #4: Watch for foot pain and numbness
Over time, a prolonged exposure to high blood sugar can damage the nerves throughout the body, a condition called diabetic neuropathy. Some people may not have any symptoms of the damage, while others may notice numbness, tingling or pain in the extremities. Diabetic neuropathy usually starts in the feet and then progresses upward. Although most common in people who have had type 2 diabetes for 25 years or more, it can occur in people who have pre-diabetes as well. In Some studies, almost 50 per cent of unexplained peripheral neuropathy turns out to be caused by pre-diabetes or diabetes.
Top Tip #5: Limit your Alcohol Intake
Too much alcohol can lead to weight gain and may increase your blood pressure and triglyceride levels. Men should have no more than two standard drinks per day and women should have no more than one.
Top Tip #6: Quit Smoking
Smokers are twice as likely to develop diabetes as non-smokers.
Top Tip #7: Control your blood pressure
Most people can do this with regular exercise, a balanced diet and by keeping a healthy weight. In some cases, you might need medication prescribed by your doctor.
Top Tip #8: Reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease
Diabetes and cardiovascular disease have many risk factors in common, including obesity and physical inactivity.
Top Tip #9: Keep an eye on your Vision.
The lens of the eye is a flexible membrane suspended by muscles, which change the shape of the lens to focus the eye. In a high-sugar environment such as uncontrolled types 2 diabetes, the lens ability to bend is altered. Although the lens is not damaged, the muscles of the eye have to work harder to focus. Blurred vision occurs when there are rapid changes in the blood sugar and the eye muscles have not yet adapted to it. Blurred vision is one of the early warning sign of type 2 diabetes, however, the body can adapt to stable sugar level, and your vision will go back to normal.
Top Tip #10: See you doctor for regular check-ups
As you get older, it’s a good idea to regularly check your blood glucose, blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels
For more information regarding Diabetes, please click on the links below. Knowledge is power, especially when it comes to chronic conditions that need to be addressed and regulated.